||Established in 1920 in accordance with the Treaty of
Versailles. It comprised portions of the Prussian Rhine Province
and the Bavarian Rhenish Palatinate. The area was put under the
control of the League of Nations for 15 years. After this period
a plebiscite was held in 1935 and 90.3% of those voting wished to
After World War II the Saarland came under French administration.
In 1954, France and Germany offered to establish an independent
Saarland but a second plebiscite rejected this plan.
On October 27, 1956, the Saar Treaty established that Saarland should
be allowed to join Germany which it did on January 1, 1957.